A. Sujoldžić: Molise Croatian Idiom, Coll. Antropol. 28 Suppl. 1 (2004) 263-274



media, education, government services, industry, religion and culture. Allard and Landry12 reconceptualized the social-structural variables into four categories or »capitals«: »demographic capital«, »political capital«, »economic capital«, »cultural capital«, and introduced the belief system as the cognitive representation of subjective vitality.


Summarizing the external historic factors favoring language vitality of Molise Croats it can be said that the major role was played by geographic isolation and culturally compact settlements, high endogamy rate (60-70%), self-subsistent economy which required little contact with the outside world, the related type of traditional  and collectivistic culture in

which language is seen as an important marker of group solidarity and identity An important role was also played by the Southern Italian context itself, peripheral with respect to northern Italy, and the vicinity of both Italian and Albanian groups with similar status characterized by strong local patriotism on one hand, and a long-term struggle for regional autonomy of the Molise region itself obtained only in 1963. In addition to the long-term search for an ethnic-cultural identity and political and administrative autonomy with respect to the neighboring regions, the Molisan province as a whole has been characterized by the objective historical isolation, chronic under development and poor economic conditions.



Fig. 3. The distribution of Italian dialects by Salvucci13.







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